Tsire Koftas

Tsire is known to have originated amongst the Hausa (Haoussa) people of Northern Nigeria, who immigrated and settled in Sudan, on their way to perform pilgrimage in Mecca. This spice mix has a sweet, nutty, spicy flavour with a powerful hint of chili. It is used as a coating for kebabs throughout West Africa. It also serves as a garnish on cooked dishes. In Northern Nigeria it is known as tsire while in the south it is called suya. This dish is extremely popular in northern Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, and in Sudan where it is called agashe. The spice mixture is made from ground peanuts, cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, garlic powder , onion powder , ground ginger, hot red pepper, coriander and salt. The meat is dipped in beaten egg and then rolled in the spice mixture. It is then grilled. I like to serve the kebabs with some garlic sauce, pita bread and blistered tomatoes @sarchakra

PREP TIME: 10 mins plus resting

COOK TIME: 20 mins



  • Ground lamb 16 oz
  • Onion 1, chopped
  • Garlic cloves 2, chopped
  • Salt to taste
  • Pepper 2 tsp
  • Allspice powder 1 tsp
  • Egg 1
  • Dried mint 1 tsp
  • Greek yogurt 2 tbsp
  • Paprika 2 tsp

Tsire powder

  • Dry roasted peanuts ½ cup
  • Hot red pepper 2 tsp
  • Ground ginger 1 tsp
  • Ground garlic 2 tsp
  • Ground onion 1 tsp
  • Coriander seeds 1 tsp
  • Nutmeg ¼ tsp
  • Cinnamon 1 inch
  • Cloves 3
  • Salt

Other Ingredients

  • Olive oil to brush the kebabs
  • Egg to dip 1, beaten


For the Tsire Powder

  • In a food processor grind the peanuts to a coarse powder.
  • Add the rest of the spices.

For the Kebabs

  • Soak bamboo skewers in a bowl of water for 30 mins.
  • In a food processor chop onion and garlic.
  • Add in Greek yogurt, ground lamb, beaten egg, paprika, allspice powder, dried mint, salt and pepper. Mix till smooth.
  • Divide the mixture into equal portions and shape into oblong shaped kebabs. Keep in the fridge for 20 mins. Thread each kebab into a wooden skewer.
  • Beat an egg. Dip each kebab into the egg and roll on the tsire mixture.
  • Place kebabs on a greased grill. Cook all sides till the meat is cooked and slightly charred.
  • Repeat for the rest. Keep on a serving plate. Serve kebabs with garlic sauce (see below), pita bread and blistered tomatoes.

Garlic Sauce

  • Garlic 2 bulbs
  • Olive oil 1 cup
  • Salt to taste
  • Pepper 2 tsp
  • Lemon 1 ½, juiced


  • Put garlic cloves and salt in a food processor. Mince till fine.
  • Add a little oil and let it emulsify. Add in a bit of lemon juice.
  • Alternately add olive oil and lemon juice and whiz.
  • Blend for 8-10 mins till smooth.
  • Refrigerate any leftovers.

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Garlic Sauce
Tsire Kebabs with Garlic Sauce, Pita Bread and Blistered Tomatoes

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